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Temperature Characteristics of a Magnet

At a temperature above the Curie temperature, the direction of the electron spin varies and it becomes a paramagnet. As with the ferromagnetic force, it loses the magnetism completely at the Curie temperature because the borderline that the ferromagnetic force changes to a paramagnet due to a temperature rise is the Curie temperature.

How to calculate magnetism change according to the temperature change

E.g.If the temperature when measuring is the normal temperature (20℃).

Calculate the magnetism change that a ferrite magnet of 1000 gauss at a normal temperature (20℃) when the temperatureincreasesto 100℃. The temperature coefficient of the ferrite magnet settles at about -0.18 %/℃.

Calculation Formula 1000 (G) × (-0.18%) × (100℃-20℃) = -144 (G)
Gauss When Measuring×Material Temperature Coefficient×(Temperature after Change - Temperature When Measuring) = Magnetism Change

By this calculation, it can be known that there is a magnetism change of -144(G), so the magnetism reduces by -144(G) to 856(G) when the magnet of 100(G) at a temperature of 20℃ increases to 100℃. The magnetism weakens as the temperature rises and strengthens as the temperature drops. But there is something called “low temperature demagnetization”, so attention is necessary depending on the application condition of the magnet.

Temperature Coefficients of Typical Magnets
Unit: %/℃
Strontium・Ferrite Magnet -0.18
Samarium・Cobalt Magnet -0.03
Neodymium・Steel・Boron Magnet -0.09~-0.12
Samarium・Steel・Nitrogen Magnet -0.07
Alnico Magnet -0.02
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